IPM Survey Report May 2014: A report presenting the results of a statewide survey on farming practices, pest challenges, pest management practices, and farmer's IPM knowledge conducted by the LUCE IPM program.

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IPM Survey Report August 2014: A second report presenting the results of an online-based statewide survey on farming practices, pest challenges, pest management practics, and farmer's IPM knowledge was conducted by the LUCE IPM program. The large representation of farmers who reported growing their products organically allowed for comparisons between the concerns, practices, and interests of organic versus conventional producers.

Read second survey report



To deliver unbiased, research-based, sustainable and timely solutions to pest problems in vegetable farms, thereby helping maximize economic returns and environmental health.


The mission of the Integrated Pest Management Program (IPM) at Lincoln University Cooperative Extension (LUCE) is to:

  • train farmers on the ecological benefits of implementing IPM practices
  • increase the level of adoption of IPM components
  • increase the effectiveness of pest management techniques
  • develop science-based pest management programs that are economically and environmentally sustainable and socially appropriate
  • protect human health and the environment by reducing risks associated with pesticide use

The LUCE IPM program aims at developing and promoting affordable alternative insect pest management strategies to combat insect pests of vegetable crops in Missouri. Emphasis is being made to provide underrepresented, low-income farmers with research-based information on effective and environment-friendly IPM tactics. Our main goal is that Missouri's farmers increase the level of awareness and adoption of IPM components leading to increased profits while decreasing inputs and pesticide use. Extension activities include one-on-one interactions, workshops, presentations, extension publications and on-farm demonstration trials.

Environmental responsibility is a very important aspect of our program. IPM is a comprehensive and environmentally-friendly approach to solving pest problems that rely on a combination of common-sense preventive practices. Examples include the use of resistant crop varieties, cultural practices such as sanitation, crop rotations, trap crops, and the creation of habitat for natural enemies and pollinators. Pest monitoring is a critical component of an IPM program. If needed, treatments are made using least-risk options to target the pest without negatively impacting beneficial insects and the environment.

An important goal of the LUCE IPM program is that the biologically-based, effective, and sustainable IPM technologies that we develop and promote can be transferred directly to farmers. We listen carefully to the concerns that the resource-limited, minority vegetable farmers have about preventing and solving pest problems. We respond to their needs by delivering up-to-date research-based information. When information is not available, we conduct research and communicate our results to the growers so that they can implement the new recommendations.

IPM participants observing exhibitsThe LUCE IPM program aims at inspiring teachers, students and people in general to learn about insects, their role in nature, and about IPM-based science.

Webinars on relevant IPM-related information will be posted here regularly.

Bacterial Canker of Tomatoes: This webinar was offered on July 30, 2012, in response to recent outbreaks that have been documented in various Midwest states including Missouri (2011, 2012) and Ohio (2012). This webinar featured presentations by plant pathologists Dan Egel (Purdue University) and Sally Miller (Ohio State University). In this webinar, the following topics were covered: (1) how to diagnose bacterial canker in the greenhouse and in the field, (2) disease development and spread routes, (3) disease prevention practices, and (4) disease management options.

Bacterial Canker of Tomatoes titling
This event was hosted by the Lincoln University Cooperative Extension IPM Program in collaboration with The Ohio State University and Purdue University.

To get handouts of Dr. Dan Egel's presentation, click here
To get handouts of Dr. Sally Miller's presentation, click here

Additional resources:

Bacterial Canker of Tomato: A Commercial Growers Guide (English) 

Bacterial Canker of Tomato: A Commercial Growers Guide (Spanish)

Recent Articles and Book Chapters Published

  • Vargas, R.I., Piñero, J.C., and Leblanc, L. 2015. An Overview of Pest Species of Bactrocera Fruit Flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) and the Integration of Biopesticides with Other Biological Approaches for Their Management with a Focus on the Pacific Region. Insects 6: 297-318.

  • Piñero, J.C., Souder, S.K., I. Smith, T.R. , Fox, A.J., and Vargas, R. 2015. Ammonium Acetate Enhances the Attractiveness of a Variety of Protein-Based Baits to Female Mediterranean Fruit Fly, Ceratitis capitata (Diptera: Tephritidae). Journal of Economic Entomology 108: 1–7.

  • Tewari, S., Leskey, T.C., Nielsen, A.L., Piñero, J.C., and Rodriguez-Saona, C.R. 2014. Use of pheromones in insect pest management, with special attention to weevil pheromones. In: Integrated Pest Management: Current Concepts and Ecological Perspectives, pp. 141-168. D.P. Abrol (Ed.). Elsevier Inc.

  • Vargas, R.I., Leblanc, L., Piñero, J.C., and Hoffman, K.M. 2014. Male Annihilation, Past, Present, and Future, pp. 493-511. In: T. Shelly, N. Epsky, E. Jang, J. Reyes-Flores, and R.I. Vargas (Eds.). Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies. Springer.

  • Piñero, J.C., Enkerlin, W., and Epsky, N.D. 2014. Recent Developments and Applications of Bait Stations for Integrated Pest Management of Tephritid Fruit Flies, pp. 457-492. In: T. Shelly, N. Epsky, E. Jang, J. Reyes-Flores, and R.I. Vargas (Eds.). Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies. Springer.

  • Díaz-Fleischer, F., Piñero, J.C., and Shelly, T. 2014. Interactions between tephritid fruit fly physiological state and stimuli from baits and traps: Looking for the Pied Piper of Hamelin to lure pestiferous fruit flies, pp. 145-172. In: T. Shelly, N. Epsky, E. Jang, J. Reyes-Flores, and R.I. Vargas (Eds.). Trapping and the Detection, Control, and Regulation of Tephritid Fruit Flies. Springer.

External links: Lincoln University (LU) Integrated Pest Management (IPM) Blog

For More Information, Contact:
Dr. Jaime C. Piñero
Assistant Professor
State Extension Specialist - Integrated Pest Management
Cooperative Extension
212 Allen Hall
900 Chestnut Street
Jefferson City, Missouri 65101
Telephone: (573) 681-5522
Fax: (573) 681-5313
Email: PineroJ@LincolnU.edu

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