Music Education and Sacred Music
Member of the National Association of Schools of Music
Associate Professor: Gray
Assistant Professors: Harper, Johnson, Gamblin-Green, Smith and Zambito
In the Music program, a student can explore a full range of academic courses, including music education, music history and literature, music theory and composition, and music methods. Students in many of these classes can explore the exciting new Music Listening Lab that includes individual terminals with midi interface to Casio keyboards and software for composing, arranging, and theory review. Music education majors will acquire the basic knowledge and skills needed to teach music in the K-12 educational systems, or to attend graduate school.
Within the Music Education program, a student may select an emphasis in vocal, instrumental, or keyboard music. All emphasis areas require students to develop a high proficiency of performance and scholarship. Through private lessons, a student will develop and enhance the technical and practical skills of a performing artist. If a student chooses a major other than music education, he/she may still take applied lessons in a group setting or individually, depending on availability of staff. The piano laboratory features multiple keyboards for group instruction.
A student may participate in any of the following performing ensembles without becoming a music major: Jazz Ensemble, University Band, Pep Band, Vocal Ensemble (audition required), and University Choir. These ensembles perform both on campus and elsewhere in Jefferson City. Several of the ensembles tour to locations in other states.
Bachelor of Music Education with emphasis in Instrumental or Vocal Music, grades K-12
Upon completion of the Music Education program at Lincoln University, each student should be able to demonstrate the following:
- The ability to function as a musically literate citizen within the society;
- A mastery of basic concepts and skills necessary to be a competent and effective teacher of vocal or instrumental music;
- The ability to interpret, create, analyze, and evaluate music;
- A repertory reflecting a variety of cultures and historical periods;
- Technical skills which are adequate to meet the needs of artistic self-expression;
- Knowledge of historical and stylistic periods of music history;
- The ability to form and defend evaluative judgments;
- An understanding of the philosophical and social foundations of music education;
- The ability to perform successfully at the graduate level.
- The ability to perform academically at or above the level of students completing requirements of other National Association of Schools of Music (NASM).
Assessment measures allow students and faculty to determine whether students have met the objectives of the program. The Music faculty has spread its assessment measures throughout the degree program so that students can receive on-going reports of their progress and follow-up advice. The penultimate assessment tool for the Music student will be the PRAXIS II exam. The final assessment measure will be the Senior Recital. Skills developed and demonstrated in Music Seminar, throughout a students career, provide assessment indicators by the faculty before that final measure.
Admission to the Music Program
In addition to the general requirements for admission to the University, the entering student must meet the following requirements of the Music Unit:
- Complete an audition in a major performing medium;
- Take a theory test (aural and written) to determine placement in the theory classes;
- Perform on the piano to determine level of piano instruction.
NOTE: Students showing deficiencies in performance or in theory will be assigned to appropriate remedial courses without degree credit. Such an assignment places them in a probationary status.
Advanced standing in music may be obtained after an evaluation of the student's official transcript resulting from work done at a similar institution and/or by examination (in music theory).
Students (other than music majors) may elect to minor in music or to enroll in music courses of their choice provided they can meet the course prerequisites where applicable.
Special students (those wishing to study music, but not pursuing any type of degree program) are welcome to enroll in music courses as staffing and facilities permit. Permission of the instructor and the department head is required.
Major: Bachelor of Music Education (Instrumental-Keyboard)
A minimum grade of "C" in the following courses: MUS 101, 102, 109, 110, 119P***, 120P***, 120**,121P***, 139, 149, 159, 169, 179, 198*, 198L*, 201, 202, 209, 215, 299*, 303, 304, 306, 309, 313, 314, 382, 398****, 398L****, 401, 403, 499*.
Major: Bachelor of Music Education (Vocal-Keyboard)
A minimum grade of "C" in the following courses: MUS 101, 102, 109**, 110**, 119P***, 120P***, 120**, 121P***122P***, 179, 180, 198*, 198L*, 201, 202, 209, 215, 299*, 303, 304, 310, 313, 314, 326, 382, 398****, 398L****, 401, 403, 499*.
Major: Bachelor of Science in Music (Sacred Music/Instrumental-Keyboard)
A minimum grade of "C" in MUS 101, 102, 120*, 215, 299*, 303 and 313.
*To be taken for four semesters.
** Keyboard majors only
*** Vocal and instrumental majors only.
- Any student enrolled in a remedial music course, based on placement examination or audition results, will be given one year to qualify for full admission to the Music Unit. Should the student not meet this requirement, he/she will be advised to seek another major.
- Four credit hours of secondary piano (CP119-122) are required of all music majors except those declaring keyboard as their primary applied instrument. Persons declaring keyboard as their major applied instrument must take four hours of a secondary applied instrument, in voice or in a B&O instrument, depending on their program emphasis. The secondary piano requirement culminates in a Piano Proficiency Examination required of all Music Education majors.
- Music Education students must enroll for credit in a major ensemble (most closely related to their primary performing medium) during each semester that they are full-time students in the Department of Fine Arts. However, enrollment in a major ensemble is not required during the student teaching semester (EDU 471-477). The minimum number of major ensemble hours is seven, four hours of which are for lower division credit (MUS 299B, C) and three hours for upper division credit (MUS 499B, C).
- All students enrolled in primary applied music courses must be simultaneously enrolled in MUS 198L or 398L, depending upon their classification; and, must perform in recital/seminar at least twice a semester on his/her major instrument.
- Music Education students are expected to attend all seminars, recitals and other performances of the Department of Fine Arts. Students are also expected to attend a minimum of two other music events each semester. Fine Arts faculty will monitor recital attendance.
- Students in the Bachelor of Music Education program are required, without exception, to present a Senior Recital (of at least a half hour in duration) as a partial fulfillment of the requirements for the degree. This recital may take place during the third or fourth semester of enrollment in MUS 398. Students desiring to delay their recital beyond the fourth semester should enroll in a commensurate level of Secondary Applied Music as a means of continuing private study prior to the recital semester. In all cases a Recital Hearing must be satisfactorily completed at least thirty days prior to the scheduled date of the recital.
- All music majors must satisfactorily complete the piano proficiency and all required music courses before doing student teaching.
- Students majoring in music must take the Piano Proficiency Examination by their fourth semester of piano study. The examination consists of five areas:
- Performance in four-part harmony;
- Sight reading;
- Score reading;
- Scales and cadential formulas;
- Harmonization of melodies with block chords;
Students must successfully complete all areas of the examination prior to receiving departmental approval. Should a student not pass all areas of the examination, he/she will be encouraged to continue enrollment in piano instruction. A retest will be given in those areas in which the student did not perform satisfactorily.
Any student who passes the Piano Proficiency Examination prior to the completion of four semesters of piano study may elect to continue enrollment in piano or to take another music course(s) in lieu of the remaining hours.
Computer Skills Requirement
Upon completion of the Music Education program at Lincoln University, the student will have gained a basic understanding of the Macintosh computer, MIDI, CD ROM, and various music software programs.
Students will have the opportunity to gain the necessary computer knowledge and skills through participation in department sponsored/presented workshops and successful completion of departmental computer intensive courses including MUS 101, 102, 201, 202, 306, and 401 (and other computer intensive courses, as designated). Students will also have opportunities to develop computer skills in other music courses which require some use of the computer.
Listed courses may not be taught every semester or every year. The department head and departmental advisor's have information about projected course offerings for a semester/year.
MUS 175 SPECIAL TOPICS. (1-5). Topic to be listed in course schedule. May re-enroll as topic changes. May not be used as a general education requirement.
MUS 460 MUSIC PERFORMANCE WORKSHOP. (1-3, su). A directed experience involving performance and analytical activities. Emphasis on research (investigation of performance practices, available literature, etc.) and a culminating performance activity.
MUS 475 SPECIAL TOPICS IN MUSIC AND MUSIC EDUCATION. (1-5, su). Selected topics dealing with special subjects of professional interest (current practices, problems and developmental issues).
MUS 498I MUSIC INTERNSHIP. (2). Allows the student the opportunity to work and observe the principles and practices employed by successful musicians in business and the professional world.
History and Music Literature
MUS 200 THE WORLD OF MUSIC. (3). The study of music from selected eras, of various styles, and many performance media. Selected readings and listening to live and recorded music are required. Designed for non-music majors. (Satisfies a humanities requirement of general education.)
MUS 205 MUSIC OF BLACK AMERICANS. (3). An historical and analytical survey (performance practices and compositional trends) of jazz, ragtime, sacred music (spirituals and gospel), secular folk songs, rhythm and blues, etc., emanating from the Black experience. (Satisfies a humanities requirement of general education.)
MUS 311 SACRED MUSIC. (2). A study of the history of keyboard, anthem, solo, cantata, oratorio, psalmody, and hymn literature. The course also offers the evaluation of anthem literature, including contemporary anthems for the worship service.
MUS 313/314 MUSIC HISTORY AND LITERATURE I-II. (3 each). A critical and analytical study of music from all eras and periods. This is a writing intensive course.
MUS 398T SERVICE PLAYING/IMPROVISATION. (2). An introduction to prelude and offertory style music, and to hymn playing and improvisation. a continuation of vocal score reading techniques.
MUS 404 CHURCH INTERNSHIP. (2) This is an assessment measure for Sacred Music Majors. Students will work in a supervised sacred music experience, experiencing in a practical way the theoretical concepts learned in previous sacred music courses.
MUS 100 INTRODUCTION TO MUSIC THEORY. (2). An elementary course in the theory of music including the fundamentals. Required of music majors failing to score above 70% on the theory entrance placement test.
MUS 101/102 MUSIC THEORY I AND II. (3 each). Elementary and basic musicianship including notation and terminology; scales; intervals; chord structures; melodic and harmonic writing; sight singing and ear training; elements of musical form. Prerequisite: Must pass Theory Entrance Test or MUS 100 for admittance into MUS 101. Must be taken sequentially.
MUS 201/ 202 MUSIC THEORY III AND IV. (3 each). Study of advanced harmony; 202 keyboard; dictation; analysis; ear training; vocal activity; and original and creative writing.MUS 101 through 202 are to be taken sequentially.
MUS 401 FORM AND ANALYSIS. (2). Study of formal design and methods of structural treatment in monophonic, homophonic and polyphonic compositions. Prerequisite: MUS 202.
Majors may elect concentrations in instrumental music teaching and supervision or vocal music teaching and supervision.
MUS 109 VOICE CLASS. (1). Fundamentals of voice production and the singing of songs with English texts.
MUS 110 VOICE CLASS. (1). The continuation of the fundamentals of singing with increased repertoire. Prerequisite: MUS 109.
MUS 139 WOODWIND CLASS. (1). Introduction to the basic techniques and materials used in woodwind playing. Prerequisite: Music reading ability. MUS 149 BRASSWIND CLASS. (1). Introduction to the basic techniques and materials used in brasswind playing. Prerequisite: Music reading ability.
MUS 149 BRASSWIND CLASS. (1). Introduction to the basic techniques and materials used in brasswind playing. Prerequisite: Music reading ability.
MUS 159 STRING CLASS. (1). Introduction to the basic techniques and materials used in orchestral string playing. Prerequisite: Music reading ability.
MUS 169 PERCUSSION CLASS. (1). Introduction to the basic techniques and materials used in playing percussion instruments. Prerequisite: Music reading ability.
MUS 179 GUITAR CLASS. (1). Introduction to the basic techniques and materials used in playing the guitar. Emphasis on strumming, reading and transposition. Prerequisite: Music reading ability.
MUS 180 SURVEY OF INSTRUMENTS. (1). Survey of band and orchestral instruments. Designed for vocal music education majors. Prerequisite: Music reading ability.
MUS 203 FUNDAMENTALS OF MUSIC. (2). A course for elementary education students presenting the rudiments of music, elementary ear training, tonal and rhythmic problems and terminology.
MUS 207 CHORAL LITERATURE. (2). One semester course designed to survey choral music literature from a) the perspective of historically significant masterworks and b) the utilitarian perspective of appropriateness for particular types of ensembles. Skills of audition will be developed through guided practice in listening and score study.
MUS 209 BASIC CONDUCTING AND SCORE READING. (2). A basic course in conducting and score reading which introduces and develops conducting patterns and mastery level score reading skills. Designed for music education majors. Prerequisite: MUS 102.
MUS 215 OBSERVATIONS AND PRINCIPLES OF MUSIC EDUCATION. (2). Introduction to the field of instrumental and vocal music education. Emphasis on principles, curricular concepts, organization, practices, and preparation for teacher certification. Sixteen hours of supervised observation in school settings are required. Co-requisite: Should be taken concurrently with EDU 204 and SE 221.
MUS 299 CHORAL TECHNIQUES. (2). This is a one semester course designed to survey choral techniques by conducting rehearsals, presentations, interviews and observations of peers and other teachers.
MUS 300 LYRIC DICTION I. (3). To teach Music Education Majors and Sacred Music Majors the correct diction in Latin, Italian and English. No Prerequisite.
MUS 303 MUSIC EDUCATION II. (2). Music activities in the kindergarten and elementary school through grade six. School visitation included. Prerequisites: MUS 202, MUS 215, EDU 204 and admission to Teacher Education Program.
MUS 304 MUSIC EDUCATION III. (2). Instruction and music activities in the junior and senior high school. School visitation included. Prerequisites: MUS 202, MUS 215, EDU 204 and admission to Teacher Education Program.
MUS 306 INSTRUMENTATION. (2). A course in orchestration with attention to scoring for orchestras, bands and varied ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS 202.
MUS 309 INSTRUMENTAL CONDUCTING. (2). Conducting; techniques of the baton; transposition; reading and memorization of the score; special problems of school and special ensembles. Prerequisite: MUS 202. MUS 310 CHORAL CONDUCTING. (2). Choral conducting designed to acquaint the student with the techniques, skills and accepted practices used in directing choirs and other vocal groups. Prerequisite: MUS 202.
MUS 310 CHORAL CONDUCTING. (2) Choral conducting designed to acquaint the student with the techniques, skills and accepted practices used in directing choirs and other vocal groups. Prerequisite: MUS 202.
MUS 315 MUSIC DICTION II. (3). To prepare Music Education Majors and Sacred Music Majors in the correct vocal production and diction of Spanish, German and French, in their own singing and conduction. Prerequisite: Lyric Diction I or permission of instructor.
MUS 326 CHORAL ARRANGING. (2). Techniques in scoring and arranging for choral organization. Prerequisite: MUS 202.
MUS 403 PRACTICAL EXPERIENCES IN MUSIC EDUCATION. (2). An investigation of teaching methods and materials and their various phases of existing school music programs. Forty hours of supervised work required in actual school settings. Prerequisites: MUS 303, 304 and admission to Teacher Education Program.
Primary Applied Music
Lower Level (Freshmen and Sophomores)
MUS 198K/ KEYBOARD, VOICE OR B&O INSTRUMENTS. (2 each).
198V/198I Must be taken four consecutive semesters by music majors.
Upper Level (Juniors and Seniors)
MUS 398K/ KEYBOARD, VOICE OR B&O INSTRUMENTS. (2 each, MF).
398V/398I Must be taken four consecutive semesters by music majors.
NOTE: Enrollment in 398 (K-V-I) must culminate in senior recital during or before fourth semester.
Secondary Applied Music
MUS 120KVI 382KVI SECONDARY APPLIED MUSIC. (1-2 each). For music majors studying a secondary instrument and for non-majors desiring to study privately. May be elected for four semesters each. Students must complete 4 hours of secondary applied music.
MUS 119P CLASS PIANO I. (1). Group instruction for piano students with little or no performance skills. Two class meetings per week. Prerequisite: Music reading ability.
MUS 120P CLASS PIANO II. (1). Group piano instruction for students who have taken Class Piano I and/or who have limited keyboard skills. Two class meetings per week. Prerequisite: MUS 119CP or piano placement audition.
MUS 121P CLASS PIANO III. (1). Group piano instruction for students who have taken Class Piano II and are working towards completion of piano proficiency. Two class meetings per week. Prerequisite: MUS 120CP or piano placement audition.
MUS 122P CLASS PIANO IV. (1). Group piano instruction for students who have taken Class Piano III and are working towards completion of piano proficiency. Two class meetings per week. Prerequisite: MUS 121CP or piano placement audition.
MUS 189P RECREATIONAL PIANO. (1, LF). Group piano instruction for non music majors who have limited or no keyboard experience. Includes introduction of music reading skills. Two class meeting per week.
Studio Class and Recital Seminars
Studio Class and Recital Seminars are required activities which meet on alternate Fridays and at other announced times. Evaluation of these experiences focuses on attendance and performance participation. The grade(s) received in applied music reflects this consideration.
MUS 198L/398L APPLIED MUSIC LAB. (O). Group studio instruction and perfor- 398 mance of solo literature and ensemble repertoire in recital settings. Required each semester of primary applied study.
Opportunities for the development of performance skills are provided through participation in musical organizations. All majors in music education or minors in music participate each semester in the various ensembles. Other students may elect to participate in ensembles for credit or without credit.
MUS 299BE/ 299KE/299WE BRASSWIND ENSEMBLE, KEYBOARD ENSEMBLE, WOOD WIND ENSEMBLE. (1 each). Open to students with performance skills on an elective basis. May re-enroll for a maximum of eight hours.
MUS 299B/299C/299OR BAND, CHOIR, ORCHESTRA. (1 each). Required major ensemble 299C/299OR for freshman and sophomore instrumental, keyboard or vocal music majors (four consecutive semesters). May also be taken by non-majors.
MUS 299 VOCAL ENSEMBLE. (1). Performance experience in jazz, popular, and gospel musical styles. Off-campus touring required. Three class meetings per week. Prerequisite: Permission of the department head and the ensemble director. May re-enroll for a maximum of 4 credits.
MUS 299T/299J OPERA THEATRE, JAZZ ENSEMBLE. (1 each). Performance 299J experience in opera or jazz. May be taken by freshman and sophomore students with strong musical skills. May re-enroll for a maximum of 4 credits.
MUS 499B/499C/499OR BAND, CHOIR, ORCHESTRA. (1-2 each). Required major 499C/499OR for junior and senior instrumental, keyboard or vocal music majors (four consecutive semesters). May also be taken by non-majors. May re-enroll for a maximum of 8 credits. Permission of the department head and ensemble director required to enroll for 2 credits.
MUS 499OT/499E OPERA THEATRE, JAZZ ENSEMBLE. (1-2 each). Performance 499J experience in opera or jazz. May be taken by junior and senior students with strong musical skills. May re-enroll for a maximum of 8 credits.
MUS 499 VOCAL ENSEMBLE. (1-2). Performance experience in jazz, popular, and gospel musical styles. Off-campus touring required. Three class meetings per week. Prerequisite: Permission of the department head and the ensemble director. May re-enroll for a maximum of 8 credits.