Assistant Professor: Govang, Kalyango

Mission | Degrees Offered | Objectives | Assessment ProgramRequired Courses | Course Description


The Department of  Fine Arts, Communications and Journalism shares dual goals in its degree programs. Journalism training provides a liberal arts background and a set of field-specific skills. We defer to the General Education program for a large part of that liberal arts focus. The journalism program provides specific course work and laboratory experiences that expand the liberal arts focus as well as prepare students for a journalism career.

Students interested in a career-specific program at Lincoln University can have their hands on production equipment from the first day they arrive. Working as production staff for community programming or productions of junior and senior students, entering students can familiarize themselves with print, radio, television and Internet technology first hand. Students in their freshman and sophomore years receive hands-on training in media production. Students in their junior and senior years are required to produce their choice of publications, radio programming, television programming and Internet content.

Students interested in more widely generalizable skills can find them in the journalism program. Graduates with a major in journalism attend graduate school in a variety of disciplines; attend law school; start their own businesses; become playwrights and work in business, nonprofit, government or nongovernmental organizations in addition to working in journalism. A journalism major requires a student to become well versed in mass media and popular culture, to learn how to comprehend complex matters and state them in ways that can be generally understood, to ask questions and accurately record and transfer information, to write in multiple styles, and to handle complex equipment. These are all skills important to a wide variety of post-graduate roles. The program's required internship can be served in whatever role best prepares the student for post-graduation plans.

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Degrees Offered

Bachelor of Arts with a major in Journalism
Bachelor of Science with a major in Journalism

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All students completing the B.S. or B.A. in Journalism will be able to demonstrate

  1. above average writing skills in print, broadcast and online styles;
  2. above average speaking skills, showing proper voice and diction;
  3. comprehensive understanding of mass media and popular culture;
  4. prioritizing, decision-making and summarizing skills;
  5. questioning, listening and fact gathering skills;
  6. advanced technical skills through study and use of mechanical and computer technology;
  7. employability in the student's chosen field though excellence in required Internship and development of a personal portfolio.

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Assessment Program

Assessment measures allow students and faculty to determine whether students have met the objectives of the program. The Journalism faculty has spread its assessment measures throughout the degree programs so that students can receive periodic reports of their progress and follow-up advice. Editorial clips, online samples, audition tapes and a portfolio are required before graduation, but these should be works in progress, by each student, throughout an academic career. Program assessment will also take place, examining clips, online samples, audio and video tapes produced in classes and writing samples from classes, as well as exit examination results from each graduating senior.

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Required Courses

A minimum grade of "C" is required in English 101 and 102 for all Journalism courses numbered 200 and above. Additional requirements for the Journalism major include ENG 271, 316 or 325; SPT 150; PHI 203; PSC 320; plus 3 hours of geography or ethnography; and 3 hours of economics or HIS 405. With the exception of ENG 101 and 102, these courses may also be used as part of the minor concentration required for the B.S. In keeping with national accreditation standards, 80 hours must be completed outside of the department, of which 65 must be in the traditional liberal arts and sciences.

Major: B.A. in Journalism

A minimum grade of "C" in 33 hours of Journalism including the following: JOU 125, 135, 200, 225, 318, 325-326 or 335-336, 396, and 499. Additional requirements include 12 hours of a foreign language and word processing competency.

Major: B.S. in Journalism

Includes all of the Journalism requirements listed for the B.A., with a minor or concentration of courses approved by the advisor totaling at least 12 credit hours in lieu of foreign language. Except for English 101 and 102, this concentration may include courses used to satisfy the general education requirements. Word processing competency is also required. Note: A bona fide working experience (paid or unpaid) will be required in conjunction with JOU 498 as a condition of graduation.


A minimum grade of "C" in 18 hours of Journalism including JOU 125, 135, 200, and 318, as arranged in conference with the area .

Computer Skills Requirement

Upon completion of the Bachelor of Arts or Bachelor of Science with a major in Journalism at Lincoln University, the student must demonstrate competency in basic word processing. Students enrolling in JOU 225 News writing and JOU 135 Broadcast News must have basic word processing skills. This requirement can be met by enrolling in CS 103 Introduction to Microcomputers, or by passing a test administered by that department. (See Computer Science and Computer Information Systems for a description of CS 103).

It is preferred that students be able to perform word processing during their freshman year in order to successfully complete training for print media and broadcasting.

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Course Description

Listed courses may not be taught every semester or every year. The department head and departmental advisors have information about projected course offerings for a semester/year.

JOU 125, VISUALS IN COMMUNICATION I (3) Introduction to techniques for print, broadcast, online, and recorded media. Instruction includes creating and editing audio; still and moving video; and audio/video Students work with digital audio recorders, digital cameras, digital video recorders and with digital editing technologies. Ethical principles and practical applications are stressed.

JOU 126 VISUALS IN COMMUNICATION II. (3). A follow-up to the basic course, which is a prerequisite. The advanced course includes experimental photography, and shooting for advertising, portraits, and sports. The course includes a heavier load of assignments and producing materials for publication in student-produced publications and programming.

JOU 135 BROADCAST NEWS. (3). News function of the electronic media. Ethical principles and practical applications of working as a broadcast journalist in a small or medium market. Hands-on training in audio or video.

JOU 200 INTRODUCTION TO MASS COMMUNICATIONS. (3). A survey of the print and electronic media. Frequent written assignments, field trips, book reports. Prerequisites: ENG 101 and 102.

JOU 203 HISTORY OF JOURNALISM. (3). The history of American journalism from the colonial era to the present time. Major emphasis will be placed on the early American newspapers and their editors. The advent of American broadcasting will also be considered.

JOU 225 NEWS WRITING. (3). Introduction to writing for journalism, both print and electronic. The emphasis is on reporting the news and getting it down on paper in a professional manner. Ethical issues facing journalism. This is a writing-intensive course. Prerequisites: ENG 101, 102 and JOU 200.

JOU 299 INTRODUCTION TO RADIO AND TELEVISION. (3). An overview of the broadcasting industry including a survey of FCC rules and regulations. Prerequisites: ENG 101-102, SPT 206, JOU 200.

JOU 300 BROADCAST REGULATIONS AND RESPONSIBILITIES. (3). Laws governing broadcast media and related problems. Rules and regulations set by the Federal Communications Commission and interactions between regulating agencies and media. Prerequisite: JOU 299.

JOU 309 ADVERTISING PRINCIPLES. (3). Economics, research, and strategy of selling through the mass media.

JOU 310 RETAIL ADVERTISING. (3). Marketing communications at the consumer level. Campaigns. Field work with local retailers. JOU 311 NEWS EDITING. (3). Copy reading, rewriting, headline writing, news policy problems. Extensive practice in handling news copy. Typing skills required; word processing preferred.

JOU 311 News Editor I. (3). Service as editor of student publication. Prerequisite: JOU 325, 326 and permission of instructor.

JOU 312 News Editor II. (3). Service as editor of student publication. Prerequisite: JOU 311, 325, 326 and permission of instructor.

JOU 315 THE EDITORIAL PAGE. (3). A study of the writing and display of interpretative content.

JOU 318 LAW OF THE MASS MEDIA. (3). Court decisions and legislation affecting publications and broadcasts, with emphasis on libel, privacy, copyright, privilege, contempt, and administrative controls.

JOU 325/326 THE NEWSPAPER I-II. (3). Production of a laboratory newspaper; reporting, writing, editing, page design and layout, photography and distribution. How to deal with news sources, editors and fellow staff members. Accuracy and ethical behavior. Prerequisites: JOU 125 and 225, both with a “C” or better.

JOU 335/336 THE ELECTRONIC NEWSROOM I-II. (3). Getting the news and reporting it via radio or television, on tape or live. How to deal with news sources, news directors and fellow staff members. Accuracy and ethical behavior. Prerequisites: JOU 135 and 225, both with a “C” or better.

JOU 341 BROADCAST NEWS WRITING AND EDITING. (3). Preparation of newscasts emphasizing live or original broadcasts and preparation for television. Word processing skills required.

JOU 350 THE FILM AND BROADCASTING DOCUMENTARY. (3). The documentary film in broadcasting is examined and compared with other forms of film. Exemplary films viewed and analyzed.

JOU 370 PUBLIC RELATIONS. (3). Techniques of communications between institutions and their publics. Field surveys and promotion problems.

JOU 372 TELEVISION NEWS AND SOCIETY. (3). The television medium offers an ever-changing vehicle for reporting on society. This course focuses on TV as a major source of news and public affairs.

JOU 396 DIRECTED STUDY. (1-3). May be repeated to a maximum of 6 credit hours. Individual research project in the area of student's interest. A complete written report of the findings is required. Written consent of instructor required. Hours arranged.

JOU 397 RADIO AND TELEVISION ANNOUNCING. (2). Rewriting news and feature copy from the United Press International wire service for delivery. Timing and delivery styles emphasized. Prerequisites: SPT 150 and 206 and JOU 299. (See SPT 397.)

JOU 398 RADIO DIRECTION AND PRODUCTION. (3). Students will schedule, edit, direct and produce radio programs. Prerequisites: SPT 206 and JOU 299. Lab fee.

JOU 399 RADIO WORKSHOP. (1). Practical experience in operation of the University’s educational radio station, KJLU-FM. Prerequisite: JOU 398.

JOU 410 LAYOUT AND COPY. (3). Display, sequence, and content of layout for the print media. Field and laboratory experience.

JOU 455 MEDIA MANAGEMENT. (3). Newsroom financial planning and budgeting, human resource management, team building, job searching, job analysis, audience/market research, advertising and managing newsroom disputes.

JOU 475 TOPICS IN MASS COMMUNICATIONS. (1-3). Students undertake a project designed to develop competence in a selected area of practical and theoretical problems in the field. Senior status required.

JOU 496 NEWS PRODUCER I. (3). Service as producer of student broadcast. Prerequisite: JOU 335, 336 and permission of instructor.

JOU 497 NEWS PRODUCER II. (3). Service as producer of student broadcast. Prerequisite: JOU 496, 335, 336 and permission of instructor.

JOU 498 MEDIA INTERNSHIP. (3). This course is designed to give the student an opportunity to function in a professional capacity. Each student will be required to complete a minimum of 150 hours at a designated facility.

JOU 499 JOURNALISM CAPSTONE. (3). A seminar on mass media institutions. The course tests the ability of students to draw upon their previous studies, to test a hypothesis and to present a personal thesis in written form. Content varies. Prerequisite: Senior standing as a Journalism major or written permission of instructor.

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